The world’s major producing countries, including the Asian region die in Japan, South Korea and mainland China, as well as the Americas the United States, Europe, Germany, this chapter will present various countries outside the mold industry, morphology, and comparative analysis of national competitiveness and the strength of our differences.


 A, Morphology of industries in countries


 Country in the world’s major production and marketing mold, the mainland mold number and engaged the largest number of companies, almost seven are state-owned enterprises, foreign-funded enterprises account for the majority of large-scale mold factory and employs approximately 600 ~ 700 people, more the size of up to a thousand companies in order to Investment Foxconn Hon Hai Group (Foxconn) employees nearly 6,000 people the most representative, mold factory is between 150 to 300, small mold factory at least 50 people or so, other countries die industry is more of a small business type of business.


 Product category, the 2002 emphasis on Japan and mainland China production of stamping die and plastic mold, both the proportion of total production value of up to Bacheng, South Korea, the largest proportion of Zeyi other mold production, accounting for total output value of the regions. Applications market, Japan, South Korea, the United States and Germany in order to die as the largest automobile products, while China is in electronics and communications products mainly with the mold.


 In accordance with 2002 national super-state and out of view, Japan, South Korea and Germany is a strong mold / quasi-surplus goods, the mainland and the United States die due to domestic demand in large markets and are unable to complete the supply of domestic firms are required by the import of mold in order to meet downstream market products manufacturing, therefore a strong / access super product.

And the main imports and exports from 2002 country-specific analysis, and geographical distribution of great relevance, import and export of the region are mostly in neighboring countries, while Japan exported more remarkable region in the U.S. mainly, but mainland China in recent years with the rapid development of downstream industries, mainland China has been gradually turned to expanding market trends.


 Wage countries, according to the U.S. Board of Foreign Trade in 2002 white paper on the findings of the mold industry, to Germany paid the highest salaries of technical staff associate for $ 12.13 ~ $ 19.28, the designer is $ 16.91 ~ $ 25.26, between Japan and the United States, the mainland the lowest-paid technicians annual salary of only $ 732 ~ $ 5,853, the designer is only $ 2,927 ~ $ 5,853, if the maximum annual salary as a benchmark comparison with Germany, the German technical personnel employed only about 38 days and thus can be seen in advanced countries and the National China low wage costs are so great.


 Second, analysis of national strengths and weaknesses


 Technologically advanced countries such as Japan, the United States, Germany, for high-precision and complex nature of mold development, regardless of design capacity or manufacturing technology, have a leading position, but also have excellent R & D personnel practice. Its, the Japanese die makers greater emphasis on technically polished with polishing process, the German mold manufacturers by enhancing mechanical processing and electrical discharge machining precision and efficiency begin to reduce the manual processing time. Market size, regardless of value or domestic demand in Japan’s decline was most evident. Operating costs are often faced with high wages, high benefits, so the downstream industries or mold makers to move production facilities to gradually close to the newly industrialized countries or technological backward countries, in order to reduce labor costs and enhance price competitiveness, but the trend is likely to cause technical invisible exodus worries, making themselves even more to be put in a large research and development costs in order to speed up the upgrading process technology and high-speed mechanical properties, widening the difference between each other.


 Taiwan, Korea and mainland China, our country is behind on the United States and Germany, but still better than South Korea and mainland China, while production rate is also far ahead, but South Korea and mainland China market in recent years, the scale of production and demand are presented growing trend, particularly in mainland China die industry is the rapid development of national brand name manufacturers stationed in production equipment, invisible mold development to enhance the strength and design capabilities. Costs, mainland China and South Korea because it has relatively low labor cost advantage, and therefore the selling price for the mold, often take low-cost marketing to market, and thus poor global economic situation, the successful buyer to grab the market favor, the most obvious example of the gains in export value.


 3, the conclusion


 On the whole, as countries die industry, and many type of small business operations, therefore, operating on a regular fund-raising difficulties, in the absence of government policy support and tax incentives in the formation of mold industry will go it alone with the situation alone, more let alone the international market competition. In addition to mainland China and South Korea, countries were faced with labor costs, high pressure, so only an increase in added value of products in order to get rid of low-cost competition.